Folic Acid with Vitamin C and Vitamin B12
Folic acid is a water-soluble B vitamin. Since 1998, it has been added to cold cereals, flour, breads, pasta, bakery items, cookies, and crackers, as required by federal law. Foods that are naturally high in folic acid include leafy vegetables (such as spinach, broccoli, and lettuce), okra, asparagus, fruits (such as bananas, melons, and lemons) beans, yeast, mushrooms, meat (such as beef liver and kidney), orange juice, and tomato juice.
Folic acid is used for preventing and treating low blood levels of folic acid (folic acid deficiency), as well as its complications, including “tired blood” (anemia) and the inability of the bowel to absorb nutrients properly. Folic acid is also used for other conditions commonly associated with folic acid deficiency, including ulcerative colitis, liver disease, alcoholism, and kidney dialysis.
Women who are pregnant or might become pregnant take folic acid to prevent miscarriage and “neural tube defects,” birth defects such as spina bifida that occur when the fetus’s spine and back don’t close during development. Some people use folic acid to prevent colon cancer or cervical cancer. It is also used to prevent heart disease and stroke, as well as to reduce blood levels of a chemical called homocysteine. High homocysteine levels might be a risk for heart disease.
Women with no personal health risks, planned pregnancy, and good compliance require a good diet of folate-rich foods and daily supplementation with a multivitamin with folic acid (0.4-1.0 mg) for at least two to three months before conception and throughout pregnancy and the postpartum period (4-6 weeks and as long as breastfeeding continues).
Women with compromised health or particular health conditions such as insulin dependent diabetes, obesity, or those with a previous child in the family with a neural tube defect require increased dietary intake of folate-rich foods and daily supplementation, with multivitamins with 5 mg folic acid, beginning at least three months before conception and continuing until 10 to 12 weeks post conception. From 12 weeks post-conception and continuing throughout pregnancy and for four to six weeks after the baby is born (or as long as breastfeeding continues), supplementation should consist of a multivitamin with folic acid (0.4-1.0 mg).
While scientists don’t know exactly how folic acid affects the risk of neural tube defects, they do know that women need more folic acid during pregnancy to support their expanding blood volume and the growth of maternal and fetal tissues, including the neural tube. Studies show that the risk of a neural tube defect can be reduced by as much as 70% by taking a daily multivitamin containing a minimum of 0.4 mg of folic acid and by eating a healthy diet containing foods high in folate and foods fortified with folic acid at least three months prior to conception and throughout the first trimester. Neural tube defects occur in the first 30 days after conception, before most women even know that they are pregnant. And, since many pregnancies are unplanned, it is important for all women of childbearing age who are sexually active to be taking a multivitamin containing a minimum of 0.4 mg of folic acid daily.
Extra efforts need to be made to counsel more vulnerable women (e.g. those with a variable diet, no consistent birth control, and possible substance use) about the prevention of birth defects and health problems via folic acid and multivitamin supplementation. It is recommended that they also receive a higher dose of folic acid (5 mg) with multivitamin
All women who plan to have children are advised to start their folic acid supplementation as early as three months before they conceive.
The federal government should consider increasing the fortification of flour with folic acid to 300 mg/100 g from the current level of 140 mg/100 g and additional fortification with multivitamins. Since 1998, there has been mandatory folic acid fortification of white flour, enriched pasta, and cornmeal in Canada.
Women of childbearing age are advised to maintain a healthy diet, as recommended in Eating Well With Canada’s Food Guide (Health Canada), in addition to folic acid and multi-vitamin supplementation. Foods containing excellent to good sources of folic acid are fortified grains, spinach, lentils, chick peas, asparagus, broccoli, peas, Brussels sprouts, corn, and oranges. (NB: Despite this dietary advice, it is unlikely that diet alone can provide the levels recommended for those planning to have children.)
Folic acid is used for memory loss, Alzheimer’s disease, age-related hearing loss, preventing the eye disease age-related macular degeneration (AMD), reducing signs of aging, weak bones (osteoporosis), jumpy legs (restless leg syndrome), sleep problems, depression, nerve pain, muscle pain, AIDS, a skin disease called vitiligo, and an inherited disease called Fragile-X syndrome. It is also used for reducing harmful side effects of treatment with the medications lometrexol and methotrexate. Some people apply folic acid directly to the gum for treating gum infections. Folic acid is often used in combination with other B vitamins.The B vitamin folacin, or folic acid works closely with vitamin B12 to produce red blood cells. Folic acid is vital to proper cell division and prevents damage to cellular DNA, helping to reduce the risk of colon polyps, colorectal cancer and cervical cancer.
- Necessary for proper brain function.
- Important during pregnancy.
- Helps prevent neural tube defects.
- Helps produce red blood cells.
- Works closely with Vitamin B12.
- Pure Folic Acid ……………………………………1mg
- Vitamin B12 ………………………………….100mcg
- Vitamin C …………………………………………50mg
- Rice Protein Concentrate ………………….175mg
- Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Extract ………50mg
- Take 1 tablet of synfolate daily or as directed by a health care practitioner.
- For Leukoplakia the dosage should be increased to 5mg (5 capsules) taken 3 times/day